February 2014 - Summit eNews
Summit Training Source - eNews
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Flammable Liquids: Know Your Risk

Flammable Liquids

Fuels, solvents, cleaners, paints, adhesives – it would be hard to find a modern manufacturing facility that doesn’t use flammable liquids as part of their production process.  Flammable liquids can be very dangerous if handled improperly, with the potential to cause catastrophic fires or explosions. According to experts, if the vapor from just a single gallon of gasoline ignites, it can have the same explosive force as 20 sticks of dynamite.

Releasing in February, Summit’s engaging training program, Flammable Liquids: Know Your Risk, focuses on how you and your employees can stay safe and avoid accidents when working with or around flammable liquids. Available in DVD, online, and streaming video, this course covers:

  • Flammable Liquids 
  • Flammable Vapors 
  • Ignition Sources
  • Best Work Practices

To prevent a catastrophic fire from occurring, it is important to remember two critical requirements when working around flammable liquids:  prevent the accumulation of hazardous vapors, and control the sources of ignition.  If you do this and follow the other best work practices given to you during your safety training, you can help protect your co-workers and yourself from injury.  


OSHA Recordkeeping Deadline - Setting the Record Straight

OSHAagenda_lgIf your company has more than 10 employees or isn’t otherwise exempt, you’re probably aware that February 1 was an important OSHA deadline.

February 1 was the deadline for submitting your required OSHA recordkeeping forms to report any occupational illnesses or injuries at your establishment.

“Under the OSHA Recordkeeping regulation (29 CFR 1904), covered employers are required to prepare and maintain records of serious occupational injuries and illnesses, using the OSHA 300 Log….All employers covered by the OSH Act must orally report to OSHA the death of any employee from a work-related incident or the in-patient hospitalization of three or more employees as a result of a work-related incident within eight (8) hours.”

What is considered “reportable” under the requirement?

  • Covered employers must record all work-related fatalities.
  • Covered employers must record all work-related injuries and illnesses that result in days away from work, restricted work or transfer to another job, loss of consciousness or medical treatment beyond first aid (see OSHA's definition of first aid below). 
  • In addition, employers must record significant work-related injuries or illnesses diagnoses by a physician or other licensed health care professional, even if it does not result in death, days away from work, restricted work or job transfer, medical treatment beyond first aid, or loss of consciousness.
  • Injuries include cases such as, but not limited to, a cut, fracture, sprain, or amputation.
  • Illnesses include both acute and chronic illnesses, such as, but not limited to, a skin disease (i.e. contact dermatitis), respiratory disorder (i.e. occupational asthma, pneumoconiosis), or poisoning (i.e. lead poisoning, solvent intoxication).
  • OSHA's definition of work-related injuries, illnesses and fatalities are those in which an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the condition. In addition, if an event or exposure in the work environment significantly aggravated a pre-existing injury or illness, this is also considered work-related.

New to the forms? You can do a quick tutorial on how to fill out the required paperwork on the OSHA website.

As mentioned above, OSHA is looking for records of “medical treatment beyond first aid.” “First aid” as the Administration defines it covers:

  • Using a non-prescription medication at nonprescription strength (for medications available in both prescription and non-prescription form, a recommendation by a physician or other licensed health care professional to use a non-prescription medication at prescription strength is considered medical treatment for recordkeeping purposes)
  • Administering tetanus immunizations (other immunizations, such as Hepatitis B vaccine or rabies vaccine, are considered medical treatment)
  • Cleaning, flushing or soaking wounds on the surface of the skin
  • Using wound coverings such as bandages, Band-Aids™, gauze pads, etc.; or using butterfly bandages or Steri-Strips™ (other wound closing devices such as sutures, staples, etc., are considered medical treatment)
  • Using hot or cold therapy
  • Using any non-rigid means of support, such as elastic bandages, wraps, non-rigid back belts, etc. (devices with rigid stays or other systems designed to immobilize parts of the body are considered medical treatment for recordkeeping purposes)
  • Using temporary immobilization devices while transporting an accident victim (e.g., splints, slings, neck collars, back boards, etc.)
  • Drilling of a fingernail or toenail to relieve pressure, or draining fluid from a blister
  • Using eye patches
  • Removing foreign bodies from the eye using only irrigation or a cotton swab
  • Removing splinters or foreign material from areas other than the eye by irrigation, tweezers, cotton swabs or other simple means
  • Using finger guards
  • Using massages (physical therapy or chiropractic treatment are considered medical treatment for recordkeeping purposes)
  • Drinking fluids for relief of heat stress

For more information, see OSHA’s helpful FAQs page.

To help you stay compliant, Summit’s OSHA Recordkeeping program, available in online and DVD, takes a step-by-step approach, instructing your employees how to fill out all the necessary paperwork, logs, and forms.


February is American Heart Month

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The month of February celebrates American Heart Month.  And it’s not because Valentine’s Day is coming – though that does affect a lot of hearts around the country.  American Heart Month celebrates healthy hearts.  Why?  Because heart disease is a major problem; it is the leading cause of death for both men and women.  According to the Centers for Disese Control and Prevention, approximately 715,000 Americans suffer a heart attack, and about 600,000 people die from heart disease in the United States each year—that’s 1 out of every 4 deaths.  In addition, cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, costs the United States $312.6 billion each year.

History

American Heart Month was recognized in 1963 when Congress issued a joint resolution requesting that the President issue a proclamation each year of the nation’s ongoing fight against heart disease. The purpose of this annual proclamation is to renew the nation’s commitment to fighting this deadly disease and increase public awareness of how to prevent cardiovascular illnesses. While heart health should always be a priority, American Heart Month gives Americans the opportunity to reaffirm and re-energize their commitment to leading healthy lifestyles.

CPR/AED Fast Facts

    • Nearly 383,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests occur annually, and 88 percent of cardiac arrests occur at home. (AHA)
    • Statistically speaking, if called on to administer CPR in an emergency, the life you save is likely to be someone at home: a child, a spouse, a parent or a friend. (AHA)
    • Effective bystander CPR provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival, but only 32 percent of cardiac arrest victims get CPR from a bystander. (AHA)
    • Compressions should be delivered at a rate of 100 per minute, matching the rhythm of perennial disco-era favorite “Stayin’ Alive.”

For Heart Month 2014, we send a big "thank you" to ASHI and MEDIC First Aid emergency care instructors around the world. The lifesaving skills that you teach every day could mean that second chance for our co-workers, friends, family, or even for that stranger we might never see again.


News You Need to Know: OSHA’s Proposed Silica Regulation

SiliccaAccording to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), inhalation of very small (respirable) crystalline silica particles puts workers at risk for silicosis, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and kidney disease.  OSHA has proposed a rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica that is expected to prevent thousands of deaths among the American workforce. The proposed rule brings protections into the 21st century.

"Exposure to silica can be deadly, and limiting that exposure is essential. Every year, many exposed workers not only lose their ability to work, but also to breathe. This proposal is expected to prevent thousands of deaths from silicosis – an incurable and progressive disease – as well as lung cancer, other respiratory diseases, and kidney disease. Workers affected by silica are fathers, mothers, sisters and brothers lost to entirely preventable illnesses. We're looking forward to public comment on the proposal."

Dr. David Michaels Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health

OSHA currently enforces 40-year-old permissible exposure limits (PELs) for crystalline silica in general industry, construction and shipyards that are outdated, inconsistent between industries, and do not adequately protect worker health.  

What is Crystalline Silica? Learn More »

Respirable crystalline silica – very small particles at least 100 times smaller than ordinary sand you might encounter on beaches and playgrounds – is created during work operations involving stone, rock, concrete, brick, block, mortar, and industrial sand.  Exposures to respirable crystalline silica can occur when cutting, sawing, grinding, drilling, and crushing these materials. These exposures are common in brick, concrete, and pottery manufacturing operations, as well as during operations using industrial sand products, such as in foundries, sand blasting, and hydraulic fracturing (fracking) operations in the oil and gas industry.

The proposed rule is the result of extensive review of scientific evidence relating to the health risks of exposure to respirable crystalline silica, analysis of the diverse industries where worker exposure to crystalline silica occurs, and robust outreach efforts to affected stakeholders.  OSHA has carefully considered the current industry consensus standards on crystalline silica exposure, as well as recommendations from small business representatives and input from other interested parties and partner agencies in developing the proposed rule.  The proposed rule would apply only where workplace exposure to silica occurs and includes a lower permissible exposure limit and other requirements such as medical surveillance, exposure assessment, and training. 

As with all OSHA Health Standards, the proposed rule requires employers to implement engineering and work practice controls before requiring employers to wear personal protective equipment (PPE), such as respirators.  Other examples of a work practice control are practices such as prohibiting dry sweeping, not using compressed air, and limiting number of workers exposed. None of these will go into effect until the rule is finalized and OSHA has not yet established a timetable for the issuing the final rule. 

Read more on what OSHA is saying on the proposed rule.

If you need training now on silica, check out Summit’s training programs on the subject >> 

We will make sure to bring you more updates on OSHA’s proposed silica rule as they come, so stay tuned!

    
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